Skin findings in newborns (2024)

Newborn skin characteristics; Infant skin characteristics; Neonatal care - skin

A newborn infant's skin goes through many changes both in appearance and texture.

Skin findings in newborns (1)

Newborn infants may have Erythema toxicum, a rash that is characterized by patchy redness with central vesicles. The rash is temporary, and the location may move (transient). (Image courtesy of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.)

Skin findings in newborns (2)

It is common for a newborn to have fine, soft, light-colored hair called lanugo covering the forehead, cheeks, shoulders and back. Some newborns also have enlarged sebaceous glands appearing as small white dots on the face called milia. Both of these characteristics are normal and will disappear after a few weeks.

Skin findings in newborns (3)

Milia is seen in a newborn infant as tiny, white, elevated spots in the skin. On occasion, there may be a narrow red halo around the base. This is a normal and self-limiting condition of the newborn and disappears over a period of months.

Skin findings in newborns (4)

Cutis marmorata is a common phenomenon in newborn infants. It consists of alternating areas of dilated and constricted blood vessels, which gives the skin a red and white marbled appearance. It is most obvious when the skin is cool.

Skin findings in newborns (5)

Miliaria crystallina occurs when sweat is retained in the pores in the skin. This close-up photograph shows the tiny, clear blisters that rupture easily. There is no associated inflammation, so no redness is present under or around the blisters. This condition often occurs in newborn infants.

Skin findings in newborns (6)

Miliaria crystallina occurs when sweat is retained in the pores of the skin, producing tiny, clear blisters that break easily. There is no associated inflammation, so no redness is present under or around the blisters. This condition often occurs in newborn infants and can cover an extensive area of the body.

Skin findings in newborns (7)

Miliaria crystallina occurs when sweat is retained in the pores in the skin, producing tiny, clear blisters that rupture easily. There is no associated inflammation, so no redness is present under or around the blisters. This condition often occurs in newborn infants and can cover an extensive area of the body.

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Skin findings in newborns (2024)
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